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Only by accepting this announcement can they conduct formal diplomatic activities with Guangdong, otherwise they can go to Beijing, but Zhu Jinglun promised that they would not accept the benefits from Beijing and Guangdong would not be guaranteed.

The Danish and Swedish diplomatic representatives were a little at a loss about this notice. They didn’t understand the meaning. When they arrived in Hong Kong, they had heard the Chinese minister report to them that there might be a coup in Guangdong, but they didn’t receive the official notice and diplomatic request. Therefore, legally, they must continue to recognize Qing Wang Chaocai as the legitimate government of this country.
But now the Guangdong local government has handed them such a notice, which makes them find it difficult to handle. First of all, it is not an independence, nor does it seek Denmark and Sweden to recognize their independent national status. It is to express their attitude in commercial diplomacy.
Although France compares with western diplomatic procedures, aren’t all diplomatic procedures explored from reality, and the basic diplomatic principles are all British foreign policy methods, which are recognized by westerners as modern diplomatic systems and British foreign principles
But China people obviously broke these rules.
But they can accept it, otherwise we won’t talk about the significance of their coming here. It is because it is too expensive for the two countries to set up a delegation together. A trip to a big ship like that costs tens of thousands of pounds. Plus, both countries know that they are small countries, and joint negotiations may achieve greater benefits.
In the 15o’ s, the two countries started the industrial revolutionary countries almost at the same time, and factories were constantly building productivity flying exhibitions, which made them more dependent on external market nests. If a big country like China released business to them, it would make their small country no longer worry about the market.
Therefore, after a short period of consultation, the two countries jointly replied to Zhu Jinglun’s notice, saying that they accepted this clause. In the future, they will negotiate with the Guangdong local government before signing an agreement with the Qing dynasty, which will take effect.
So they were invited to Guangzhou.
"You are probably wondering why I asked you to agree to sign a treaty with the imperial court first, but we must agree to it. Can you understand the situation of the German Empire before Napoleon’s time? At that time, the German Empire was also an empire, but you signed a diplomatic treaty with the imperial emperor. Do you think it can be operated in other countries?"
Vallenborg and Christian dragged the name of Germany at that time, and the Roman Empire was sacred. It was neither sacred nor Roman, nor was it a loose federal empire. The emperor of the empire was voted by all eligible electors.
If at that time the king of Austria became emperor of the empire and then signed a diplomatic treaty with Britain, it would be impossible for the Prussian Principality to accept the kingdom of Bavaria, the small countries like Hesse, Hanover and Wü rttemberg, and even the imperial free city like Hamburg. In the end, even the emperor Austria would not accept him, and they would only accept it if he signed the treaty as king of Austria.
But they still don’t understand, "But China is a unified and complete country, not a loose confederation like the Holy Roman Empire."
Zhu Jinglun waved his hand. "At present, our emperor still has dominion over each entity, but there has been a little change in Guangdong. You may not understand this change, but my understanding tells you that we will be independent in the future if we are less in the diplomatic field."
This is the main category, and diplomacy is also the most important part of the main part.
In the eyes of westerners, achieving diplomatic independence has meant the independence of a region and the establishment of a country.
They simply don’t understand that the China dynasty didn’t care most about this diplomatic interest. Of course, it’s also taboo for local governments to communicate with foreign countries alone. It’s called private marriage with foreign countries, but it’s not of western political significance. Diplomacy in China is of political significance because it often means rebellion. But if Zhu Jinglun does not play the banner of public rebellion in diplomacy, the Qing dynasty will not interfere unless it has the ability to suppress it. They will turn a blind eye and pretend not to know.
Zhu Jinglun looked at them blankly and continued to explain, "Well, you can understand that you need our approval to sign a treaty with the Qing Dynasty in the future before you can implement it in Guangdong, because we will implement our own independent foreign policy. Do you know what this means?"
Vallenborg and Christian looked at each other and understood, or they didn’t need to understand, but they just needed to know the result. As a result, Guangdong could conduct diplomacy with the outside world independently, which means Zhu Jinglun could sign a foreign trade treaty with them alone if he wanted.
This surprised them a little. They were more willing to associate with Zhu Jinglun because the situation was already very good. This is a China official who didn’t want to communicate with the West, and now he has obtained the local government in Guangdong.
In fact, there is no political diplomatic activity in the past. Is it necessary to add a little political flavor to this purely commercial diplomatic activity?
Yes, they didn’t come to Guangdong for political and diplomatic negotiations with the Guangdong government, but they went to Beijing for the purpose of purely commercial interests. Denmark envied Sweden and Guangdong for helping Zhu Jinglun build an arsenal. In the past two years, the Swedes sold 100,000 tons of iron ore to Zhu Jinglun.
The Swedes came here in the hope of further cooperation. They heard that Zhu Jinglun was copying ships by himself, and they felt that they could also help in this respect. If Zhu Jinglun was willing to buy their steel, they wouldn’t mind providing technology to help Zhu Jinglun build a shipyard. Of course, Zhu Jinglun concluded that it was also a big business to build a large shipyard with this money.
But since Guangdong is independent, is it a business treaty? To sign a generous business treaty with Guangdong, even if it is a local government, the territory and population they control are far from a European country and a huge market.
So Vallenborg was the first to ask, "If we can help you with shipbuilding support, I wonder if you are willing to give China a preferential tax rate on steel exports?"
Zhu Jinglun pointed to the thick negotiations before him, "There is no such aspect in the terms of your negotiation."
Section three hundred and nine A benchmark
Zhu Jinglun is not true. The two countries are here to talk about business. At least he won’t do it, otherwise he wouldn’t come forward in person, let alone give them the notice before.
He is interested in guiding the two countries to conduct diplomatic negotiations with him.
Don’t look for the British first, don’t look for the French first, even the Americans and Russians don’t look for them first, but look for two small countries.
It is because soft persimmon is easy to sign a favorable or fairer diplomatic treaty from a small country. This is the first diplomatic treaty signed with foreigners in Guangdong’s independent capacity, which has a strong demonstration significance. It is why these two small countries were found and they were the first to jump out and send a diplomatic mission to China at the most appropriate time.
"Our front-line workers are negligent. We suggest a temporary recess. We need to have a consultation."
Vallenborg said.
Zhu Jinglun shrugged. "I think your attitude is very insincere, but I agree to adjourn the meeting, but I’m not very interested. You can contact our foreign minister, Mr. Wu Chongyao."
Said Zhu Jinglun patted Wu Chongyao, who had been in a daze for a long time. Like Chen Zhiting, he didn’t expect that as soon as he came back, Zhu Jinglun installed a foreign minister’s title. It doesn’t matter. His father still wore three hats in those days, so he let Lin Zexu drag his pants and hit the board in public.
What’s important is that Zhu Jinglun gave him a life of four, which is a real official. You know, Guangzhou magistrate is only four, that is to say, he is half a level higher than Chen Zhiting.
In his father’s three hats in those days, it was a joke to fill the position in front of Wang. The biggest advantage was that Wu Bingjian could sit in a sedan chair in a real position, not to mention showing off in front of the four magistrates. It was a county magistrate who had to wait on the East India Company. Wu Bingjian would tremble when he saw the Qing government officials.
And this foreign minister is obviously not his father’s false title, which says that he is responsible for all foreign exchanges and is directly responsible to Guangzhao Luodaotai, that is, to Zhu Jinglun
After just getting this warrant, Wu Chongyao is weak as a dream.
But Zhu Jinglun has got up and left Wu Chongyao to react. Zhu Jinglun has already gone out. He chased him out rashly, but he was turned back by Zhu Jinglun. He came back to pay his respects to Vallenborg and Christian. Obviously, he was rude just now.
Unlike Wu Chongyao, Chen Zhiting’s world outlook is that the scholar-bureaucrat’s world outlook is self-consciously superior, and the gentry of agriculture, industry and commerce is the first family. Not to mention that it was all about the Song Dynasty, but his brother Chen Guiji was actually in charge of the Beijing official, and his Chen family therefore became the leader of the gentry of the noble family.
Therefore, although he was very excited when he was recommended by Zhu Jinglun to be the magistrate of Guangzhou, he didn’t know what Zhu Jinglun had done in Guangdong during this period until he got home. In his opinion, it was a gross violation, and it was just a rogue thief who made things. But now he is going to accept this rogue thief’s recommendation for office?